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1.Early morning July 25. 1909 he entered his self-made aircraft somewhere near the French coast. He lifted to an altitude of about 80 to 100 meters and landed in England 38 minutes later. It was an historic flight: the first flight over the English Channel. What was the name of that pilot?
2.During the 13th century a federation of German cities was created. Soon cities from England, Flanders, Holland and the Baltic states joined. The purpose of the federation was to secure and defend their economic strength. At its heyday it consisted of more than 80 cities. What were these cities called?
3.The Italian village of Castel Gandolfo was founded in the 12th century at the lake of Albano. In 1596 it became property of the Roman Curie and some years later it was formally annexed by the Holy See. The 17th century Villa Papale still is the summer residence of the pope and the village was proclaimed extra-territorial property of Vatican City. On the ruins of which historical city, founded by Ascanius, the ancestor of the Julian house, was this village built?
4.This genus of flowers of some 300 species ranging in colour from gold, copper-red or yellow to white, blue, violet, maroon and purple can be found throughout the northern temperate zone. They have long erect flowering stems, are easy to cultivate and have become very popular in the garden. What name is given to this genus of flowers? (see picture)
5.In southern Africa we find a place on the map where 4 countries almost meet. A bit to the west of Victoria Falls, Zambia, Botswana and Zimbabwe share a border and the most easterly point of Namibia comes within 10 kilometers. This is the eastern tip of an extremely extended part of the Namibian territory that was named after the successor of Otto von Bismarck as German chancellor. What name?
6.We’re looking for one of the most important jewish holidays. It is the 10. day of the month Tishri, the first of the jewish year, and is as such always situated at the end of September or the beginning of October. It is the climax of the 10 days of penitence that begin on Rosh Hashanah, the jewish new year. It is the day of reconciliation when people pray for forgiveness of the sins of the past year and renew their faith for the new year. The day is sometimes also called the White Fast. What is the more common name?
7.As early as 1951, Akira Kurasawa won the Golden Lion in Venice for his movie based on some short stories by Ryonosuke Akutagawa. The story is set in medieval Kyoto where three men are hiding under the city gate after which the film is named. They talk about a recent murder and rape case. As the retelling of the trial unfolds, the participants in the crime — the bandit, the rape victim and the murdered man — tell their plausible though completely incompatible versions of the story. What is the name of this masterpiece by Kurasawa, starring Toshiro Mifune in the leading role?
8.He was one of the first superstars of music, a kind of 19th century pop idol. But as he got more and more famous it was rumored he had acquired his virtuosity from the devil. As a consequence his burial in sacred ground was delayed for 5 years. His virtuosity was indeed unparalleled, even modern day violin players consider his mastery of the instrument an impossible feat, now believed to be a result of the Marfan syndrome. Between 1801 and 1807 he wrote 24 Capricci for violin, works that inspired Brahms, Liszt and Schumann. What was his name?
9.This German writer did most of his research as an undercover journalist. In 1977 he worked for four months as the editor of the tabloid Bild-Zeitung. From his experiences he wrote the novels ‘Der Aufmacher’ (‘Lead Story’) and ‘Zeugen der Anklager’ (‘Witnesses for the prosecution’) in which he portreyed the contempt for the truth he discovered there. Since then, he’s been under constant attack by the German gutter press that claims he was connected to the East German secret service. Despite the fact that his expulsion from Russia when trying to write an article on the conditions in Chechnya got a lot of publicity, he is still most known for his 1985 book ‘Ganz Unten’ (‘The Lowest of the Low’) that described his experiences posing as a Turkish immigrant worker. His name?
10.Almost all of the books of this American novellist have been turned into movies. He made his debut in 1953 with the thrilling ‘A kiss before you die’. In 1967 he wrote the modern Gothic novel ‘Rosemary’s Baby’. Some other works: ‘The Perfect Day’, ‘The Stepford Wives’ and ‘The boys from Brazil’ about the hunt for Nazi-doctor Joseph Mengele. What is his name?
11.The Spanish painter Goya painted 2 portraits of the same woman, once clothed, once naked (the woman, not Goya!). Her name also figures in the titels of both paintings; which name?
12.The sound of this band was a mixture of gospel, jazz and pop. First known as ‘The Versatiles’, they were asked to change their name by producer Johnny Rivers. Their first hit single was ‘Go where you wanna go’ (1967). Later that year they were awarded 4 Grammy’s for ‘Up, up and away’. Their biggest success, with more than 2 million sold records, came in 1969 with ‘Aquarius / Let the sunshine in’. What band?
13.The United States only entered World War I in 1917. Some of the reasons were the German proclamation of the total submarine warfare and the sinking of some American ships. The final occasion was the interception of a telegram to a German envoy in Mexico in which Germany promised Mexico the restitution of Texas and California. A few days later president Wilson declared war on Germany. The telegram was named after the German minister who sent it. What name is given to that telegram?
14.The Trans-Neptunian Object 2003 UB313 was discovered in January 2005 by a team of astronomers from the Mount Palomar observatory and is now considered to be the tenth planet. What codename did it receive from its discoverers, a name referring to an adventure series set in a fantasy ancient Greece?
15.What airline, with headquarters in Sydney Australia, is according to the Brittanica the oldest airline in the English-speaking world?
16.In the world there are long rivers and short rivers, some are broad and some are tiny. Although for instance the Amazon, the Mississippi and the Nile are a lot longer, this river has a very distinct record. It flows through or borders no less than 10 independent countries. Which river?
17.When we hear something about the poor country of Eritrea it’s mostly bad news. But not so in September. The 23-year old athlete who last year became the first Eritrean to win an Olympic medal in any event when he finished 3rd in the 10000 meters, became world record holder of the half marathon, setting the rekord to 59 minutes and 5 seconds. What is his name?
18.Since the onset of the 20th century, students of the world economy have been drawing attention to certain long-term regularities in the behavior of the leading economies. These cycles seem to appear with a period of 40 to 60 years due to the deterioration of the industrial base. Since the 16th century some 10 waves have happened.
19.What popular NBC drama series, created by Michael Crichton, is set in a teaching hospital in Chicago, the fictitious County General Hospital, was first broadcast in 1994 and has won many awards ever since? Main characters include Dr. Luka Kovac, Dr. Abby Lockhart, Dr. Susan Lewis and Nurse Samantha Taggart.
20.At university I was told that the three laws of thermodynamics could be simplified as such:
1. You can never win, you can only break even
2. You can only break even at the absolute zero
3. You can never reach the absolute zero.
This third law, in a somewhat more scientific language was first postulated by a German scientist, winner of the Nobel prize in 1920. Who was this father of the Third Law of Thermodynamics?
21.This christian sect was founded in Great Britain around the year 1750 but flourished especially in the United States. The sect preaches an extremely ascetic lifestyle: the use of modern technology is strictly forbidden and any form of sex, even in marriage, is disallowed. That way the size of the sect could obviously never grow very significantly. At the last census in 1996 and after a series of recounts, the total number of remaining followers of that sect was established at two. Their official name is the ‘Believers in the Christ’s second coming’ but their more popular name was derived from the wild gestures they make during worship. It could have been the name of a pop group. What name?
22.This medium-sized Central and South American cat looks somewhat like an otter. The fur is uniform chestnut brown, but can range from grey to dark brown. Their coats have no markings. What is the name of these close relatives to the puma, although their name would indicate a relationships to a more famous type of the cat family?
23.In 1929 Ante Pavelic started a right wing, nationalistic movement against the Servian expansialism. The movement was involved in the assassination of king Alexander in 1934. After the German invasion of 1941, the movement came to power in Croatia. Until 1945 a fascist reign of terror was established, comparable to that in Germany at that time. What was the name of that movement and the regime of the same name?
24.What newspaper is the offical mouth-piece of the Vatican (original Italian name please)?
25.We’re looking for the title of a 1967 film directed by Stanley Kramer. The film was awarded several Oscars, a.o. for Katherine Hepburn as best actress and for William Rose for the screenplay. Insiders know it was Spencer Tracy’s last movie. The story: The daughter of a very respectable couple comes home with her boyfriend, played by Sidney Poitiers. Her parents are shocked: for Sidney Poitiers is Afro-American…
26.Taken by the Visigoths in 413 and by the Moors in 714, this city became the seat of an independent Moorish kingdom, extending from Almeria to the Ebro river in 1021. In 1094 it was taken by the Spanish hero El Cid but in 1102 regained by the Moors. In 1238 it became part of Aragon and in 1479 united with Castile. During the Spanish Civil War it was the loyalist capital from 1936 to 1939. The city is sometimes called the ‘city of the 100 bell towers’, most notably the Miguelete Tower, the hexagonal Tower of Santa Catalina and the cathedral, La Seo. Which city?
Svar: Se lenger ned.
Hanseatic Cities / Hansa / Hanse
Yom Kippur (Yom Ha-kippurim)
Danube (Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Servia-Montenegro,
Guess who’s coming to dinner